Gaelic (or Erse or Goidelic) is one of the Celtic family of Indo-European languages. The Celts invaded Ireland in the fourth century, and the languages that developed in the British Isles became known as Irish Gaelic, Manx (on the Isle of Man), Scottish Gaelic and Brythonic (encompassing Cornish, Welsh, Cumbric and Breton). Irish Gaelic is spoken by about one-sixth of the population of Ireland and has been promoted by the government and been taught in all Irish schools. Scottish Gaelic has no official status and is spoken by less then 2 percent of the population. Gaelic words in English include glen, slogan, whiskey and galore. Shelta is a jargon derived from Irish Gaelic and English. It is used by travellers and occasionally its words enter the common vocabulary as slang (for example ‘monicker’ is derived from munik, meaning name).

Encyclopedia of contemporary British culture . . 2014.

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  • Gaelic — as an adjective means pertaining to the Gaels , including language and culture. As a noun, it may refer to the group of languages spoken by the Gaels, or to any one of the individual languages.Gaelic languagesIn referring to languages, Gaelic may …   Wikipedia

  • Gaelic — pronounced gal ik or gay lik, denotes any of the modern Celtic languages spoken in Ireland (Irish Gaelic), Scotland (Scottish Gaelic), and the Isle of Man (Manx). There are two main varieties that were ancestors of these languages: Brythonic (or… …   Modern English usage

  • Gaelic — ► NOUN 1) (also Scottish Gaelic) a Celtic language spoken in western Scotland, brought from Ireland in the 5th and 6th centuries AD. 2) (also Irish Gaelic) another term for IRISH(Cf. ↑Irishwoman) (the language). ► ADJECTIVE ▪ relating to the… …   English terms dictionary

  • Gaelic — Gael ic (?; 277), a. [Gael. G[ a]idhealach, Gaelach, from G[ a]idheal, Gael, a Scotch Highlander.] (Ethnol.) Of or pertaining to the Gael, esp. to the Celtic Highlanders of Scotland; as, the Gaelic language. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Gaelic — Gael ic, n. [Gael. Gaelig, G[ a]ilig.] The language of the Gaels, esp. of the Highlanders of Scotland. It is a branch of the Celtic. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Gaelic — 1774 (adj.); 1775 (n.), earlier Gathelik (1590s), from Gael (Scottish Gaidheal; see GAEL (Cf. Gael)) + IC (Cf. ic) …   Etymology dictionary

  • Gaelic — [gā′lik] n. [< Gael Gaidhealach] 1. the Celtic language of Scotland 2. the Goidelic languages as a group 3. IRISH (n. 1) adj. 1. of the Gaels 2. designating …   English World dictionary

  • Gaelic — /gay lik/, n. 1. a Celtic language that includes the speech of ancient Ireland and the dialects that have developed from it, esp. those usually known as Irish, Manx, and Scots Gaelic. Gaelic constitutes the Goidelic subbranch of Celtic. Abbr.:… …   Universalium

  • Gaelic — [[t]ge͟ɪlɪk, gæ̱lɪk[/t]] 1) N UNCOUNT Gaelic is a language spoken by people in parts of Scotland and Ireland. We weren t allowed to speak Gaelic at school. ADJ: usu ADJ n Gaelic is also an adjective. ...the Gaelic language. 2) ADJ: usu ADJ n… …   English dictionary

  • Gaelic — adjective Etymology: Scottish Gaelic Gàidhlig the Scottish Gaelic language, from Gàidheal Gaelic Date: 1741 1. of or relating to the Gaels and especially the Celtic Highlanders of Scotland 2. of, relating to, or constituting the Goidelic speech… …   New Collegiate Dictionary

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